Witchcraft is the practice of what the practitioner ("witch") believes to be magical abilities and abilities such as the use of magic spells, incantations, and rituals. Witchcraft is a broad term that varies culturally and socially, and therefore can be difficult to define precisely. Historically, the most common meaning is the use of supernatural means to cause harm to the innocent; this remains the meaning in most of the traditional cultures of the world, particularly the indigenous cultures of Africa and the African diaspora, Asia, Latin America and the indigenous nations of the Americas.
In the Philippines, as in many of these cultures, witches are seen as opposed to the sacred. In contrast, anthropologists writing about healers in indigenous Philippine folk religions use the traditional terminology of these cultures or broad anthropological terms such as "shaman."
The belief in witchcraft is usually present in societies and groups whose cultural framework includes a magical worldview.
In the modern era, some may use "witchcraft" to refer to benign, positive, or neutral metaphysical practices, such as divination, meditation, or self-help techniques found in modern New Age and Pagan movements.   But this reversal in nomenclature is primarily a modern Western and pop culture phenomenon, more prevalent among young Westerners and followers of modern pagan traditions such as Wicca.